President Biden signed an executive order in May 2022 to promote the development of quantum technologies. It supports three pillars of quantum information systems technology – quantum computing, quantum sensing and quantum communications – which are at different levels of technological development.
Quantum sensors are closest to commercialization. They have several medical applications and can support navigation in GPS-deprived environments.
Quantum computing is surging in development, but error correction is the main challenge to scaling up. Researchers have demonstrated error correction but only on a small scale. Early use cases, such as Hyundai’s collaboration with IonQ on developing battery technology for electric vehicles, are as much about researching the potential of quantum computing as practical applications.
Given that these technologies are as much as 20 years away from commercial development, the policy supports a long-term vision for American leadership in these fields.
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